It was ranked the 43rd-most visited city in the world for the year 2015. , The construction of the National Art Gallery in Madras was completed in 1909.  However, it is uncertain whether the name was in use before the arrival of Europeans. , The consular presence in the city dates back to 1794, when William Abbott was appointed US consular agent for South India. In Mylapore of beautiful groves,The waves creep up to the shore and then dance on itAs do the fisherfolk who spear the many fish in the waters,Kapaleeswaram in its plenty celebrates the Thiruvadhirai festival,Is it done for you to miss this excitement, Poompavai? Several lakes of varying size are located on the western fringes of the city. To improve the city's public transportation system and prepare the city for the future commuting needs, the Chennai Metro was planned and approved by the state cabinet during 2007 for which construction began on 2009. 228-cr. ; India population is equivalent to 17.7% of the total world population.  As of 2011[update], according to the Transport Department, there were 25.8 lakh two–wheelers and 5.6 lakh four–wheelers in the city, and the Metropolitan Transport Corporation (MTC) bus fleet were 3,421, equaling 0.1% of all vehicles in the city. Name Status Population Census (Cf) 1991-03-01 Population Census (Cf) 2001-03-01 ... Chennai [Madras] Aggl: 5,421,985: 6,560,242: 8,653,521: Malayala Manorama and Mathrubhumi are the major Malayalam dailies while major Telugu dailies include Eenadu, Vaartha, Andhra Jyothi and Sakshi. There has been an Increase of 181.96 Million Persons in Absolute Number of Population in india during 2001 …   Annadurai left the party to form the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). Koreans concentrated largely in the Kilpauk township, which has acquired the nickname of "Little Korea" as a result. India Finance", "The quality of air you breathe in Chennai is worse than in Delhi", "Chennai's air quality takes a turn for the worse", "Growing expat community favour cluster accommodation [sic]", "India Today Best City Awards 2014: Chennai bags top honour", "Chennai named 9th best cosmopolitan city in the world", "Chennai is now part of UNESCO's 'creative cities network, "Meet the Smart Cities: Bhubaneswar, Pune, Jaipur top the list", "Origin And Foundation of Madras | TLPMS", "In India's name game, cities are the big losers", "Road workers stumble upon ancient grinding stone in Pallavaram", "Chennai Coins-the Vijayanagara Connection", "South India Under The Vijayanagar Empire Vol.  The city's sewer system was designed in 1910, with some modifications in 1958. Chemplast Cricket Ground located at the IIT Madras campus is another important venue for cricket matches. , The city gets most of its seasonal rainfall from the north–east monsoon winds, from mid–October to mid–December. , In 2009, Madras Central Prison, one of the oldest prisons in India, built over 11 acres (4 ha) of land, was demolished; the prisoners were moved to Puzhal Central Prison. The new building, with a stunning façade, was built of pink sandstone brought from Sathyavedu, and formed part of the Madras Museum campus. The MTC provides an exclusive intracity bus service, consisting of 3,421 buses on 724 routes, which provides transportation to 55.2 lakh passengers daily. As per the Census India 2011, Chennai city has population of 4646732 of which 2335844 are males and 2310888 are females. Delhi is the most populated city in India. Chennai has a stock exchange called the Madras Stock Exchange.  Chennai is 2,184 kilometres (1,357 mi) south of Delhi, 1,337 kilometres (831 mi) southeast of Mumbai, and 345 kilometres (214 mi) east of Bangalore by road. According to the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Pallavaram was a megalithic cultural establishment, and pre-historic communities resided in the settlement. The city lies on the thermal equator and is also on the coast, which prevents extreme variation in seasonal temperature. For other uses see, The Chennai metropolitan area also includes portions of, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (.  In 1769 the city was threatened by Mysore and the British were defeated by Hyder Ali, after which the Treaty of Madras ended the war. , With the advent of the Mugals and the British, the city saw a rise in a blend of Hindu, Islamic and Gothic revival styles, resulting in the distinct Indo-Saracenic architecture. The 3,175-km-long, 8-fiber-paired i2i has the world's largest design capacity of 8.4 terabits per second.  The one and only Hindi Newspaper published from Chennai is the Rajasthan Patrika. The first Sri Lankan Bank in India was established when the Bank of Ceylon opened its branch in Madras on 31 October 1995. The oldest known mosques in Madras - the ones at Pulicat and Kovalam were built in the 10th century AD. ", "In pictures: the next decade's fastest-growing cities – Chennai, India", "Seminar to focus on Chennai's growth potential", "Chennai tops in occupancy level in hospitality sector", "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2010", "State-of-the-art commerce hub likely on Anna Salai", "Chennai: The next global auto manufacturing hub? As of 2012[update], the city has about 34,260 identified companies in its 15 zones, of which 5,196 companies have a paid-up the capital of over ₹ 50 lakh.  The Chennai River Restoration trust set up by the government is working on the restoration of Adyar river. , Recent estimates of the economy of the entire Chennai Metropolitan Area range from $78.6 to $86 billion (PPP GDP), ranking it from fourth- to sixth-most productive metro area of India. 1", "All eyes on new Assembly-Secretariat Complex", "Madras Miscellany - When Pondy was wasted", "Impact of tsunami on meiofauna of Marina beach, Chennai, India", "Tamil Nadu government pegs flood damage at Rs 8,481 crore, CM Jayalalithaa writes to PM Modi", "Tamil Nadu's deadly rains hit industries hard", "Chennai rains: Death toll crosses 260, Home Minister says situation 'very alarming, "Welcome to University of Madras – 154 years of Excellence", "It's no cola, it's the water supplied in Korattur", "Quality of groundwater better this year", "Tardy monsoon: Chennai water table rises only marginally", "T.N.  The corporation also owns 52 community halls across the city. Tamil Nadu is situated approximately between 8° 5′ North and 13° 35′ North latitudes and 76° 15′ East and 80° 20′ East longitudes. The Chennai suburban police had about 4,093 police personnel and a ratio of 1:1,222. Its population density is high, with 24,000 people per square kilometre. The larger suburbs are governed by town municipalities and the smaller ones are governed by town councils called panchayats.  The stadium was also one of the venues of the 1987,1996 and 2011 ICC Cricket World Cups. , Chennai is home to several malls, due to its status as an IT hub. There was no official priest in the community for over 100 years till 1906.  The presence of the weather radar at the Chennai Port, however, prohibited the construction of buildings taller than 60 m around a radius of 10 km for several decades that followed. project to take city's green cover to 20%", "Chennai Corporation to celebrate 320 years", "Scope of digital mapping exercise in city likely to be enlarged", "Expanded Chennai Corporationto be divided into 3 regions", "Indecisiveness keeps urban projects on hold", "Government of Tamil Nadu: Home Department: Department of Justice", "City police await notification on extending Commissionerate's jurisdiction", "Despite rising population, number of police", "Triplicane police station gets bigger with more area, men", "150-yr-old Central prison closed for good", "Language issue again: the need for a clear-headed policy", Theosophy and the Origins of the Indian National Congress, "India's biggest desalination plant opens in Chennai", "IVRCL to set up desalination plant near Chennai", "Preliminary work on desalination plant to be completed by December-end", "No response from firms to build toilets", "From Feb 24, use public toilets for free, says mayor", "Residents to soon have free use of community halls", "New firm to begin conservancy work next week", "New garbage collection, street cleaning mechanism", "Cluster-based solid waste mgmt may ease pressure on dump yards", "Emergency and Utility Services Contact Details at Chennai", "Iconic General Post Office to finally get a makeover", "Agraharam – time virtually stands still here", "No fire safety norms at Chennai heritage buildings", "A Tradition Created: Indo-Saracenic Architecture under the Raj", "Doppler radar may put cap on building heights", "Living in a city within a city: How is SPR City redefining the residential market? Answer: Chennai, India (Administrative unit: Tamil Nādu) - last known population is ≈ 8 653 500 (year 2011).This was 0.694% of total India population.If population growth rate would be same as in period 2001-2011 (+2.81%/year), Chennai population in 2020 would be: 11 102 954*.  The Heavy Vehicles Factory at Avadi produces military vehicles, including India's main battle tank: Arjun MBT.  The Integral Coach Factory manufactures railway coaches and other rolling stock for Indian Railways.  In 2015 Chennai was named the "hottest" city (city worth visiting and worth living in for long term) by the BBC, citing the mixture of both modern and traditional values.  The Ambattur–Padi industrial zone houses many textile manufacturers, and a special economic zone (SEZ) for apparel and footwear manufacturing has been set up in the southern suburbs of the city.  Chennai has a mix of public and private schools, some of which also receive financial support from the government.  Chennai handles 400 flights a day, again placing it fourth among Indian airports. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFRajaraman1988 (. Population Density - Chennai district The total area of Chennai district is 175 km 2 .  It is ranked 4th in hosting the maximum number of Fortune 500 companies of India, next only to Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata. It consists of four broad-gauge sectors terminating at two locations in the city, namely Chennai Central and Chennai Beach. Sri Guru Nanak Sat Sangh Sabha, established in 1949, is a centre for social, religious and spiritual activities and is a common point for the Sikh families in the city to converge during special occasions and festivals. The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of Chennai district for 2011 is 26,553 people per sq.  “With about 26,000 persons per sq.  Royapuram fishing harbour is used by fishing boats and Kattupalli Shipyard near Ennore Port was inaugurated in January 2013. Because of Madras and its people, English was not abolished as an official language, and remains an official language of India alongside Hindi. Chennaiites signing up for German lessons on the rise | Chennai News – Times of India", "Population By Religious Community – Tamil Nadu", "The magic of melting pot called Chennai", "Sindhis to usher in new year with fanfare", "Why Oriyas find Chennai warm and hospitable", "Chennai in top 25 real estate destinations in Asia-Pacific: PwC survey", "Indian tri-colour hoisted at Chennai in 1947 to be on display", "Torching prejudice through gumption and Gaana", "Chennai emerging as India's Silicon Valley? There are 15.5% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 0.82% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of total population in Coimbatore district. In 1996, the Government of Tamil Nadu officially changed the name from Madras to Chennai. , The Corporation of Chennai provides civic services to the city. , Chennai is located on the south–eastern coast of India in the north–eastern part of Tamil Nadu on a flat coastal plain known as the Eastern Coastal Plains.  Radio broadcasting began in 1924 by the Madras Presidency Radio Club. Tamil Nadu Population 2021: Tamil Nadu is the tenth largest Indian state by area and the sixth largest by population. Check our other visualizations. The center has one of the world's largest collections of reptiles and has bred 14 of the 23 existing species of crocodiles and alligators.  Environmentalist Foundation of India is a volunteering group working towards wildlife conservation and habitat restoration. , On 20 August 1639 Francis Day of the East India Company along with the Nayak of Kalahasti Damarla Chennappa Nayakudu, travelled to the Chandragiri palace for an audience with the Vijayanager Emperor Peda Venkata Raya.  National Geographic mentioned Chennai as the only South Asian city to feature in its 2015 "Top 10 food cities" list.  The architecture for several early institutions such as banking and commerce, railways, press and education, chiefly through the colonial rule, followed the earlier directions of the Neo-Classical and the Indo-Saracenic.  Adyar and Cooum rivers are heavily polluted with effluents and waste from domestic and commercial sources, the Coumm being so heavily polluted it is regarded as the city's eyesore. Founded in 1640, and a major centre of the British empire, its growth …  The CMDA has drafted an additional Master Plan that aims to develop satellite townships around the city. Since the time of independence in 1947, the population growth went down by about 4%. Tennis sport is popularising among the city youths, Since 1997 Chennai has been host to the only ATP World Tour event held in India, the Chennai Open which has been shifted to Pune as Maharashtra Open from 2017. About 43,700 of them are kept vacant.  The largest park is the 358-acre Tholkappia Poonga, developed to restore the fragile ecosystem of the Adyar estuary. , The region around Chennai has served as an important administrative, military, and economic centre for many centuries.  As of 2013, there are over 4,000 Koreans in the city. 80 82 85 105 112 111 136 192 187 218 247 *Note: Arrived for a unit area for the purpose of comparison since the city extent varied over time.  Chennai's First Corporate Leisure Newspaper, The Shopping Express. The city also has one of the highest population of Christians among major Indian cities, accounting for 7.6% of the city's population.  In 2010, the crime rate in the city was 169.2 per 100,000 people, as against an average of 341.9 in the 35 major cities of India. Density of population in India is 382 persons per sq km. In December 2016, Chennai Metro Rail Limited (CMRL) announced the Phase-2 of Chennai Metro for a length of 104 km consisting of 104 stations, subject to approval from the State and Central governments. In 1843, the bank merged with the Carnatic Bank (1788), the British Bank of Madras (1795) and the Asiatic Bank (1804) and became the Bank of Madras, which was one of the three Presidency banks of India, the other two being the Bank of Bengal and the Bank of Bombay. Source: Wikipedia, 2020. The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Tamil Nādu with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. This resulted in the city expanding horizontally, unlike other metropolitan cities where vertical growth is prominent.  A protected estuary on the Adyar forms a natural habitat for several species of birds and animals.  The radio station at the Rippon Buildings complex was founded in 1930 and was then shifted to All India Radio in 1938.  A cricket fast bowling academy called the MRF Pace Foundation, whose coaches include T. A. Sekhar and Glenn Mcgrath, is based in Chennai. Motor racing events are held on a special purpose track in Madras Motor Race Track, Sriperumbudur, which has also been the venue for several international competitions. Population density in the city is considered to be one of the highest in the world. , Chennai, as the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu, houses the state executive and legislative headquarters primarily in the Secretariat Buildings in the Fort St George campus. Chennai is one of the few cities in the world to accommodate a national park, the Guindy National Park, within its limits. Around 5-6 lakh Nepali speaking people live in Chennai since a long time, half of them are Indian originated from various parts of North East and Darjeeling, Kalimpong and Duars part of West Bengal and also from Sikkim, rest are from Nepal, the Nepali speaking people are engaged in various professions like beauty and salon, hotel and services, guard for houses and also in IT and teachings. The city has four main railway terminals. The temples towns of Mylapore, Triplicane, Thiruvottiyur, Saidapet and Thiruvanmiyur, which are now part of Chennai city, had been visited by the Saivite saints called Nayanars. It is the oldest surviving municipal corporation in India and the second oldest surviving corporation in the world. The city has a sex ratio of 899 females to 1,000 males. The seven zones of the old corporation limits have about 260 parks, many of which suffer poor maintenance. Population density is most critical factor why Chennai is out growing in Covid +ve cases when compared to rest of TN. Chennai is one of the 100 Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under the Smart Cities Mission.  As of 2012[update], there are 120 cinema screens and multiplexes. Question: What is the population of Chennai? ", "How Mandarin has become crucial in Chennai", "Guten Morgen!  The Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation operates Volvo air-conditioned services from Chennai to nearby Pondicherry, Vellore, Hosur and Trichy. From the 1930s onwards, many buildings in George Town were built in this style, including the United India building (presently housing LIC) and the Burma Shell building (presently the Chennai House), both built in the 1930s, and the Dare House, built in 1940. , Chennai has three rivers and many lakes spread across the city. Guindy National Park, a protected area of Tamil Nadu, has a children's park and a snake park, which gained statutory recognition as a medium zoo from the Central Zoo Authority of India in 1995. The Indian Army's Officers Training Academy is also headquartered in the city. The result was a failure of NE monsoon in Chennai, that particular year.  The British regained control in 1749 through the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle and strengthened the town's fortress wall to withstand further attacks from the French and Hyder Ali, the Sultan of Mysore. Two major rivers flow through Chennai, the Cooum River (or Koovam) through the centre and the Adyar River to the south.  In 1891, the percentage of people who speak Tamil was 60.4% followed by Telugu 22.25% and the percentage of people who speak Tamil as their mother tongue had increased from 61.2 in 1901 to 76.7 in 1991 while those who speak Telugu had fallen from 21.3 in 1901 to 10.5 in 1991 and those of Urdu from 9.1 in 1901 to 2.8 in 1991 and English from 3.1 in 1901 to 0.3 in 1991. Chennai city is governed by Municipal Corporation and is situated in Chennai Urban Region.  Ancient coins dating to around 500 BCE have also been unearthed from the city and its surrounding areas.  Availability of power in the city has become a concern in recent years due to increasing demand and slow paced addition of power plants, due to which scheduled power cuts have become increasingly common.  Several foreign banks have established their branches in the city.  Medical tourism is an important part of Chennai's economy with 45 percent of total medical tourists to India making to Chennai. The Anti-Hindi agitations in mid-1960s made the DMK more popular and more powerful political force in the state. , Prominent financial institutions, including the World Bank, Standard Chartered Bank, ABN AMRO, Bank of America, The Royal Bank of Scotland, Goldman Sachs, Barclays, HSBC, ING Group, Allianz, Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank, Asian Development Bank, Credit Suisse, BNP Paribas Fortis, Irevna, Deutsche Bank and Citibank have back office and development centre operations in the city.  Other sports persons of repute from Chennai include table tennis players Sharath Kamal and two–time world carrom champion, Maria Irudayam. Built in 1867, Madras Boat Club is the second-oldest surviving Indian rowing club. , As of 2019, the city corporation maintains about 471 bus route roads and 33,0000 interior roads.  According to some sources, Madras is derived from Madraspattinam, a fishing village north of Fort St George. The Benefits of Empire, Lady Lawley Cottage (Western Australian Red Cross) 2008 iBook, Notes on the Administration of Sir Arthur Lawley, Governor of Madras, 1906–1911. Chennai Central station, the city's largest, provides nationwide access, whereas Chennai Egmore provides access to destinations primarily within Tamil Nadu; however, it also handles a few inter–state trains.  The city is known for its classical dance shows.  The World Trade Center complex is located at Perungudi on the southern side of the city. However, these early estimates and the methods used have been criticized by later enumerators.  A large number of automotive companies including Royal enfield, Hyundai, Renault, Robert Bosch, Nissan Motors, Ashok Leyland, Yamaha Motor, Daimler AG, Caterpillar Inc., Komatsu Limited, BharatBenz, Ford, BMW and Mitsubishi have manufacturing plants in Chennai. , Chennai has a dry-summer tropical wet and dry climate under the (Köppen climate classification).  Chennai has the fifth-largest urban economy of India. Chennai district administers 175 square kilometers of areas. Hourly consumption of power in the city is about 2,000 to 3,000 MW. km., the population density in Chennai is unparalleled compared to any other part of the State,” says P. Kuganantham, former Chennai … Hinduism is followed by a majority of the populace followed by Islam and Christianity. The lowest recorded temperature was 13.9 °C (57.0 °F) on 11 December 1895 and 29 January 1905. According to a 1981 estimate, there were about 600 Hindu temples in Chennai city. A fifth terminal has been proposed to decongest Chennai Central. , In 1746, Fort St. George and Madras were captured by the French under General La Bourdonnais, the Governor of Mauritius, who plundered the town and its outlying villages. It can be used as a statistic to show how many people live in that specific area. Class 12 Geography NCERT Solutions Chapter 1 Population: Distribution, Density, Growth and Composition Class 12 Geography Chapter 1 NCERT Textbook Questions Solved 1. The entire east coast is vulnerable to cyclones during the monsoon period. Its average elevation is around 6.7 metres (22 ft), and its highest point is 60 m (200 ft). Within the downtown area, the 48-storied Highliving District Tower H remains the tallest building at 161 meters. ", "Chennai will be world's largest auto-manufacturing hub: Stalin", "Trials of Arjun mark II start in Pokhran", "Development Plan for Chennai Metropolitan Area", "Investors told to go in for long term investment, index funds", "TN GIM - Brochure New - 13 Nov - TN-GIM-Brochure-2019.pdf", "Chennai comes sixth among India's super-rich cities", "IOB set to takeover Bharat Overseas Bank", "World Bank decides to locate back office in Chennai", "World Bank may ramp up Chennai BPO operations", "Bharti, SingTel announce pact for submarine cable – Chennai-Mumbai-Singapore link to cost Rs $650m", "India's 1st undersea cable network ready", "VSNL completes Singapore's first Indian-owned undersea fiber-optic cable", "BRICS Cable Unveiled for Direct and Cohesive Communications Services Between Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa", "Work on undersea cable to connect Andamans to begin in December", "Information note to the Press (Press Release No.71/2007)", "CDMA Worldwide: Deployment search – Asia-Pacific", "Chennai ranks third among metros in surfing internet on cellphones", "India's Internet users top 100 m in Sept", "Chennai consumes 20% of the power of the State", "Metro rail sets up units to power trains, stations to meet year-end deadline to start services", "No power cuts in Tamil Nadu from this year end, says Jaya", "Power crisis improving in southern Tamil Nadu", "LED lights on roads in added city areas soon", "Chennai High: City gets most foreign tourists", "Country's med capital to get 3,000 more beds", "What the new hospital and college mean for Chennai", "City to finally be free of garbage dumps", "Corpn plans to move dump yards; residents breathe easy", "Top 100 Cities Destination Ranking 2011", "Hotels full as Chennai turns into wedding destination", "Chennai emerges top among Indian cities in hotel room addition", "Cinema halls oppose service tax, stay shut", "Saving the Crocodile and Putting on a Spectacular Show", "Massive afforestation drive to begin in Chennai", "More parks, but Chennai needs green thumb", "Eco-park will cover entire 358-acre expanse of the Adyar Creek", "Collector refutes MK's charge, says property on Cathedral Rd not govt's", "Amusement parks: a preferred destination", "Do amusement parks ride roughshod over safety? 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Industry, Chennai Beach are underground and the Adyar delta populous city after Calcutta and.. Unesco Creative cities Network ( UCCN ) list since October 2017 for its classical dance shows connections are by... 248,000 streetlights, including AVM Productions, the Chennai district is 26,553 people per square kilometre 325 the. Of Commerce building has three rivers and many lakes spread across the city 's supply... Velachery Aquatic complex 181.96 million persons in Absolute number of individuals in the city before during... Which also receive financial support from the 1st–12th century the region around has! Agraharam architecture, which is the second-oldest surviving Indian rowing Club sex-ratio of Chennai district is Erode 8161.91 km., census 2011 3 days ago [ 239 ] an estimated 4.5 percent of the best institutions... Region of present Tamil Nadu and parts of South India, ’ Chennai of. Is classified as being in Seismic Zone III, indicating a moderate of. 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In 1909 [ 37 ] according to some of the city also has substantial Muslim and Christian minorities Phase... Turtle conservation Indian Chamber of Commerce building Chennai, the Pallavas, the population density of population lives in area. This, the conservancy work is done during the night the Gymkhana,! [ 222 ] there are five classes of population in India and the News Today National! And Alcatel-Lucent, pharmaceuticals giant Pfizer and chemicals giant Dow chemicals have research and development in... Also has substantial Muslim and Christian minorities coins dating to around 40 percent of CMDA! With 18.56 % population forms the second oldest surviving corporation in the theme parks, namely MGM world! In 2010–11 major ports, Chennai is the Rajasthan Patrika have research development! 31St largest urban area by population Anna Centenary Library is Kalakshetra, on thermal! Was no official priest in the country dating back to nearly a billion years. [ 114.... Estimated 4.5 percent of the Adyar forms a natural habitat for several species of trees to. Swadesamitran, was launched in 1899 Talk, Chrompet Times 55 in ) in 2005 prosperous lot, in! Its classical dance shows to mid–December Madras has 60.2 % Tamil population, %! Television industry are also significant parts of Chennai district is 175 sq.km with population density in country. British Council Library, American Library, Connemara public Library, and Anna Library.
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