The two countries work together through the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI) and the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). Owing to the country's multicultural heritage, Suriname celebrates a variety of distinct ethnic and religious festivals. It is also the country's chief port and the administrative, industrial, cultural and tourism center of Suriname. Suriname is a small country located on the northern edge of South America. Lying 2 to 5 degrees north of the equator, Suriname has a very hot and wet tropical climate, and temperatures do not vary much throughout the year. , Located in the upper Coppename River watershed, the Central Suriname Nature Reserve has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its unspoiled forests and biodiversity. The beautiful architecture makes the temple a tourist attraction.  Tonka Island in the reservoir is home to a rustic eco-tourism project run by the Saramaccaner Maroons. 30, Ch. In order to go on to study math and physics, the student must have a total of 12 points. Also listened to is mArt, a broadcaster from Amsterdam founded by people from Suriname. The southern border is shared with Brazil and the northern border is the Atlantic coast. Suriname also receives military funding from the U.S. Department of Defense. The two buildings are located next to each other in the centre of Paramaribo and have been known to share a parking facility during their respective religious rites, should they happen to coincide with one another. Several plantation owners did not pay their former enslaved workers the pay they owed them for the ten years after 1863. Vinkensport is also practised. Subsequently, the SKM was rebranded as Nationaal Leger (NL), National Army. Map of Suriname and travel information about Suriname brought to you by Lonely Planet. The parties held negotiations to form coalitions. National elections were held in 1987. The official spelling of the country's English name was changed from "Surinam" to "Suriname" in January 1978, but "Surinam" can still be found in English; a notable example is Suriname's national airline, Surinam Airways.  Other popular decorative souvenirs are hand-carved purple-hardwood made into bowls, plates, canes, wooden boxes, and wall decors. 12–1, 2, 3, 4), Radika (Ch. As a plantation colony, Suriname had an economy dependent on labor-intensive commodity crops. ", Traditionally, De Ware Tijd was the major newspaper of the country, but since the '90s Times of Suriname, De West and Dagblad Suriname have also been well-read newspapers; all publish primarily in Dutch.. Kondreman is one of the popular cartoons in Suriname. 5–1, 2), Rasonic TV (Ch. Republic of Suriname map.  The recognition of "Surinaams-Nederlands" ("Surinamese Dutch") as a national dialect equal to "Nederlands-Nederlands" ("Dutch Dutch") and "Vlaams-Nederlands" ("Flemish Dutch") was expressed in 2009 by the publication of the Woordenboek Surinaams Nederlands (Surinamese–Dutch Dictionary). Suriname is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west, and Brazil to the south. The largest tribes were the Arawak, a nomadic coastal tribe that lived from hunting and fishing. The military branches and regional military commands report to the commander. Surinamese Maroons, whose ancestors are mostly runaway slaves that fled to the interior, comprise 21.7% of the population; they are divided into six tribes: Ndyuka (Aucans), Saramaccans, Paramaccans, Kwinti, Aluku (Boni) and Matawai. Suriname is party to the Cotonou Agreement, the partnership agreement among the members of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States and the European Union. 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