Jesus is the stone now. And he said to the vineyard-keeper, âBehold, for three years I have come looking for fruit on this fig tree without finding any. Of uncertain affinity; to seek; specially, to worship, or to plot. 34 When the harvest time approached, he sent his servants to the tenants to collect his fruit. The theme of these four sections is the teaching of the authoritative Christ that the religious leaders and most of the people had failed to do what God had intended them to do, to be the faithful people of God producing works of righteousness. They are released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License . With these added pieces of information, we can understand that Jesus' cursing of the fig tree was reasonable and an example for us. Come, let’s kill him and take the inheritance." 45 When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard Jesus’ parables, they knew he was talking about them. they asked: "And who gave you this authority? To, towards, with. But the pious religious authorities say yes to God in ways that everyone could hear, but inwardly they do not obey his Word. Matthew gives full expression to Jesus’ claims to being the true seed of Abraham--everything Israel was supposed to be but was not. There are several things that the student of the Scriptures needs to address in this little section. B. And he said to the vineyard-keeper, “Behold, for three years I have come looking for fruit on this fig tree without finding any. There he was approached by members of the priestly aristocracy and elders, probably all members of the great Sanhedrin, the Jewish court. But this was an unusual early growth, and as Jesus was hungry, expected he could pick some fruit from it. The second chance: The gardener proposes another solution that might correct the problem to save the tree. The passage is authentic and belongs in this place in the argument of the book. 32 For John came to you to show you the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes did. The meaning of the parable is pretty straightforward. A primary particle; 'off, ' i.e. It would be difficult to imagine how Jesus would tell this story without immediately thinking of the son as himself. 80:6-16). Interestingly, the fig is the third kind of tree mentioned by its name in the Bible, right after these other two trees (that is, that of life and the tree of knowledge of good and evil). A primary verb; to speak or say. A prolonged form of a primary heuro, which heureo is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect to find. Their rejection of Jesus is the last act of unrighteousness; they would be judged. 9 If it bears fruit next year, fine. Jesus said to them, I tell you the truth, the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering the kingdom of God ahead of you. If the religious leaders answered correctly, that is, that John’s ministry was of God, then they would have the answer to their own question, for John was sent by God as the messenger of Malachi 3:1 to prepare the way for the divine Messiah. For convenience it will be better to take each of the four parts separately and then at the end reiterate the message. Personal / Relative Pronoun - Genitive Masculine Singular. With the cursing of the fig tree, He was symbolically denouncing Israel as a nation and, in a sense, even denouncing unfruitful âChristiansâ (that is, people who profess to be Christian but have no evidence of a relationship with Christ). He was hungry and so hoping to find some figs on the tree. 7 So he said to the keeper of the vineyard, âLook, for the past three years I have come to search for fruit on this fig tree and havenât found any. It is about a fig tree which does not produce fruit. Amazingly, the religious leaders who have just heard the parable that they will kill the son set about planning how to kill him. If you answer me, I will tell you by what authority I am doing these things. The Cursing of the Fig Tree (21:18-22). They wanted to destroy him. And it was common knowledge in Jesus’ time that if you saw leaves on a fig tree, you could also expect fruit unless the tree was barren. 33 Listen to another parable: There was a landowner who planted a vineyard. Jesus was not refusing to answer their question. Download story: Parable of fig tree with no fruit These stories were written by Jill Kemp with art by Richard Gunther (www.lambsongs.co.nz). Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular. Yet the message is clear: those who claim to be pious better produce the fruit of righteousness or they too will fall under the Lord’s judgment. 25 John’s baptism--where did it come from? Toward. The servants are sent to collect some of the fruit from the tenant farmers who rent and work the vineyard. Daniel 4:14 He cried aloud, and said thus, Hew down the tree, and cut off his branches, shake off his leaves, and scatter his fruit: let the beasts get away from under it, and the fowls from his branches: Matthew 3:9 And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. It is interesting to note that Jesus’ miracles about cursing are directed at things other than people--the drowning of the pigs (8:28-34), and now the cursing of the fig tree. And Paul warns that if God did not spare the natural branches of the tree--those generations of Jews who rejected him, he need not spare us either if we do not produce righteousness. They were not righteous--they were self-righteous, and that is not the same at all. 21 Jesus replied, "I tell you the truth, if you have faith and do not doubt, not only can you do what was done to the fig tree, but also you can say to this mountain, ‘Go, throw yourself into the sea,’ and it will be done. Besides, the main charge of the parable is not just that they killed the son, but that they bore no fruit. The Bible never likens Israel to a fig tree. When Matthew says that he found only leaves, the readers would have known there should have been figs. To cut out (off, away), remove, prevent. And the fig-tree was immediately dried up. But the disciples’ response was shallow, wondering how it was done. A simple incident! 21 Peter remembered and said to Jesus, “Rabbi, look! The "fig tree," without fruit, represented fruitless Israel. A year. While the textual difficulty has to be taken seriously and sorted out for the precise reading, the variation does not change the basic meaning of the passage: one said he would go and did not, one said he would not and did go. Isa. This first episode can be divided into the two parts: the cursing of the tree, and the question of the disciples. The, the definite article. Verse 7. …. From ek and kopto; to exscind; figuratively, to frustrate. Most scholars believe that Mark was the first gospel and was used as a source by the authors of Matthew and Luke. The first is the Tree of life and the second is the Tree of the knowledge of good and evil . It was a little early in the year for the harvest of figs, since this occurred during the holy week, which in 33 A.D. was the last week of March. 28 What do you think? This is a short parable and will not take much time to develop in the message of the chapter. "How did the fig tree wither so quickly?" I. Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. Otherwise, there was no reason for him to curse a tree that gave him no food. Jesus, therefore, would not tell them. Jesus responded to their question with a question of their view of John’s baptism. The leaves obscured the treeâs barrenness. This is a masterful reply. So the study will have to determine the symbolism of the fig tree, and perhaps any symbolism of the mountain that is possibly moved, whether it represents any obstacle or just the mountain. Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe. The parable of the fig tree is very short and is never explicitly explained by Jesus anywhere in the Gospels, unlike many other parables. For the lower or textual criticism, there are different readings for the parable, one being followed by the NIV and the other by the NASB. 35 The tenants seized his servants; they beat one, killed another, and stoned a third. And it was common knowledge in Jesusâ time that if you saw leaves on a fig tree, you could also expect fruit unless the tree was barren. 2; Zech. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the. When Jesus came calling for repentance and righteousness, they did not want to bow to his authority. 17 Though the fig tree does not blossom and there is no fruit on the vines, [though] the product of the olive fails and the fields yield no food, though the flock is cut off from the fold and there are no cattle in the stalls, 18 Yet I will rejoice in the Lord; I will exult in the [victorious] God of my salvation! Besides, in the early church there was a mixture of Jews and Gentiles. Immediately the tree withered. Fig trees are an excellent fruit tree to grow in your garden, but when your fig tree does not produce figs, it can be frustrating. 22 If you believe, you will receive whatever you as for in prayer.". It grew in Lebanon and was the most beautiful, enduring and A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc. ", 25 They discussed it among themselves and said, "If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will ask, ‘Then why did you not believe him?’ 26 But if we say, ‘From men’--we are afraid of the people, for they all hold that John was a prophet. 8; Dan. From, away from. ... A God of faithfulness and without … III. The verse does not go fully forward to say the kingdom is taken from the Jews and given to the Gentiles, although it leads to that; it speaks of ending the role of Jewish rulers over God’s covenant people. Matthew 21:19 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. The Kingdom Will Be Taken away for Lack of Fruit (21:33-46). The question then is often raised as to why Jesus would curse a tree that was not supposed to be in season. Song of Solomon 2:13 | View whole chapter | See verse in context The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grape give a good smell. "By what authority are you doing these things?" They really did not want to know if there was authority given to him--they were more interested in stifling his teachings, healing, and powerful works. They rejected Christ totally, so they were not here looking for proof of his authority. 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